Here are some of the roles that a title company that a company does:
DO I NEED A TITLE COMPANY?
A real estate transaction should include a title company, or a title law firm.
A title policy is an insurance policy that protects the buyer and their lender against title-related legal issues. This usually means things that have occurred in the past, such as mis-recorded deeds, title fraud, various legal/lien claims, property disputes, tax liens, contractor liens and many more. If the buyer and lender incur a financial loss due to an undiscovered lien, the policy helps mitigate some or all of the loss, up to the limits of the specific policy.
TITLE POLICIES: There are 2 basic types of title policies:
WHO PAYS FOR THE TITLE INSURANCE POLICIES and SURVEY?
For most counties in the Florida, the buyer pays for the lender policy and the seller pays for the owners policy. There a few counties in Florida where the buyer is responsible for both policy premiums. If you're unsure, always refer to the contract or purchase agreement, which should make it clear. If your transaction is using the standard Florida Bar Contract, also known as the 'FAR-BAR" contract, this can be found in Section 9(c).
NOTE: If you are buying a new-construction home in Florida (one which has previously never been titled as a house).
Here is an example from the Florida Bar "FAR-BAR" Contract.
The Florida Form-9 endorsement is a policy rider (a type of amendment) to the standard title title insurance policy, and is required in the state of Florida. It further clarifies the terms of the title policy specific to the boundaries of the lot and home that rests on the lot. It requires a property survey of the home.
WHAT IS A SURVEY?
A property survey, often referred to simply as a survey, is a legal drawing of the property lines and the home that rests on the lot. A survey shows the property lines, and legal easements such as utility easements and encroachments. Surveys are commonly mistaken for a Residential Real Estate Appraisal reports or a Home Inspection reports, but they are distinctly different.
Example Survey, highlighted to show property lines and home
THE FIDUCIARY RESPONSIBILITY OF THE TITLE COMPANY
When a real estate transaction begins, the title company takes on a role of financial trust--or fiduciary responsibility. Funds are collected and kept in safe keeping according to strict legal and ethical standards, and according to the mutually agreed-upon terms of the purchase contract.
When the transaction is concluded, the title company disburses (i.e. - pays out) all of the funds that were collected in the transaction the appropriate parties. Every party who was entitled to receive funds in the transaction receives their due and it is spelled out in the final Closing Disclosure.
Examples of items that occur after the transaction is concluded:
If you have questions about title insurance, or a title company's role in a real estate transaction, usually the best thing to do is call one and establish a relationship. They are a key component in any transaction, so it's always a good idea to get to know them. They can help you navigate all sorts of title-related questions that come up in real estate matters.
If we can help in any way, you can always reach us as well.
This is not a commitment to lend. Not all borrowers will qualify for the loan programs listed. All program terms and conditions are subject to change and may be discontinued without prior notice. Contact loan originator for program questions and scenarios.